How to Respond to a Building Order Issued by a Building Surveyor

12 Jan 2023

The Victorian Building Act 1993 gives building surveyors the ability to issue building notices and building orders to enforce breaches of the Building Act. Council and private building surveyors can issue building notices and building orders. Only municipal building surveyors can issue emergency orders.

Issuing a building order

Building surveyors are obliged to issue notices and orders when there is an instance of non-compliance with a provision of the Building Act or the Building Regulations. Where there exists the risk of imminent prejudice to life and limb and this is brought to the attention of a municipal building surveyor, it would be a dereliction in duty for a council building surveyor to fail to issue an emergency order.

Notices and orders are served upon registered property owners and great care must be taken to ensure that the description of the property and it’s non-compliances are accurate. Moreover, great care must be taken to ensure that any responses to a building order are lodged by the property owner.

It is the incumbent upon the property owner to comply with the building order or in circumstances where it is considered impossible or unreasonable to comply, the matter can be appealed to the Building Appeals Board.

Upon receipt of a building notice or building order, regardless of whether one is an owner or building practitioner, it would be risky of one not to engage a lawyer who is au fait with the Victorian Building Act 1993. It is a very serious state of affairs when a building notice or order is issued and great care and technical dexterity is required to ensure that matters are “regularised.”


A failure to comply with a building order in certain scenarios can occasion harm to the public. Furthermore, a statutory breach of the Victorian Building Act 1993 would crystallise if the recipient of the building order or emergency order failed to comply with the order in circumstances where an appeal has not been lodged. The recalcitrant could then be prosecuted. Even if an appeal is lodged the Building Appeals Board can still find that there was non-compliance of the building order or insufficient grounds to appeal, in which case prosecution can still be pursued by the relevant statutory authority.

Both councils and the Victorian Building Authority have the power to prosecute through the mediums of the relevant statutory officers, which in the case of council will be a municipal building surveyor. Prosecutions occur in the Victorian Magistrates’ Courts.

Strict Timelines

Notices and orders must be complied with within the time lines stipulated within the notice or order, but it is not unusual for a bona fide recipient to engage with the statutory officer to negotiate an extension for the time and the methodology by which one complies with the statutory instrument. Remember, the only avenue for an appeal is the Building Appeals Board and if one wishes to utilise this avenue, the appeal must be lodged within the statutory time period. Again, one is well advised to use a lawyer to draft the appeal documentation.

Powers of Building Surveyors

Building surveyors can request a number of things to be done in the furtherance of compliance, including but not limited to: notice of show cause, stop work orders, and safety directions in addition to orders to bring into compliance the building with the Building regulations of Australia.

Cooperation is paramount as a failure to cooperate will not bode well if the matter is prosecuted. These actions may be interpreted as at odds of those of a law-abiding citizen. Furthermore, if an order is served upon a building practitioner, failure to comply with them may culminate in both Magistrates’ Court prosecution and a misconduct referral to the Building Practitioners Board.

Directors of companies can also be implicated in prosecutions under the “those knowingly involved” provision of the Building Act, s243.

Penalties for non-compliance

Non-compliance with building orders may result in substantial fines for property owners. In circumstances where a building order has been made by a private building surveyor, the private building surveyor must refer the matter to the VBA within 14 days of the date of final compliance. When non-compliance is found with regards to a building order or emergency order, the relevant legal entity may be subject to fines of up to $92,460 for a natural person or $462,300  for a body corporate (as of 12 January 2023) per s118 of the Building Act.

For other Lovegrove & Cotton articles on notices and orders, see below:

Building Notices and Orders: The Regularisation of Non-compliant Building Work in Victoria

Building Act prosecutions, Regularisation of Non-Compliant Building Work and Effective Plea Bargaining


This article is not legal advice and discusses it’s topic in only general terms. Should you be in need of legal advice, please contact a construction law firm. The experienced team at Lovegrove & Cotton can help property owners and building practitioners resolve any type of building dispute.